There has been a tremendous amount of buzz lately regarding Docker, a platform that allows developers to easily build, deploy and manage Linux Containers. Docker can run on variety of Linux Distributions, one that has been quite popular lately is a new Linux Distribution called CoreOS.
CoreOS is actually a fork of Google's ChromeOS and was designed to run next generation workloads similar to those at Google and Facebook. A major benefit of CoreOS is the minimal footprint the base operating system consumes which allows for maximum resource utilization for the Container workloads.
Having heard so much about Docker and CoreOS, I figure this would be a great opportunity to explore and learn about a new technology which I always enjoy when I get the time. I know Duncan Epping has written an article on how to run CoreOS on VMware Fusion, but since I primarily work with vSphere, I wanted to run CoreOS on ESXi. The first place I went to was the CoreOS documentation and there is a section for VMware. After going through the instructions, I found the process to be quite manual and potentially requiring additional tools as a simple OVF/OVA for CoreOS did not exist.
I figured I could wrap the process in a very simple shell script that only required a couple of input parameters from the user based on their environment and the script would auto-magically handle the deployment. I created a shell script that would run on the ESXi Shell called deploy_coreos_on_esxi.sh
Note: The script assumes you can connect directly to the CoreOS website to download the zip directly onto the ESXi host.
There are three variables that you will need to edit prior to running the script:
- DATASTORE_PATH - The full path to the Datastore to deploy CoreOS onto (e.g. /vmfs/volumes/datastore)
- VM_NETWORK - The name of the vSphere Network to connect the CoreOS VM to
- VM_NAME - The name of the CoreOS VM
Once you have finished editing the script, you just need to scp to your ESXi host and run the script using the following command:
Here is screenshot of running the script:
Once the script has completed, you should see a new CoreOS VM on your ESXi host and if you have DHCP, you should also see an associated IP Address in the VM Console:
Once the CoreOS VM is booted up, you use the SSH key that was included in the zip file, by default it is also extracted into the CoreOS VM directory. You can SSH into the VM by running the following command:
ssh -i insecure_ssh_key [email protected]
Once logged in, we can run "docker images" to see a list of Containers. As you can see that there is only one and we can connect to that Container by running the "toolbox" command which will pull down the latest and then connect to that Container as seen in the screenshot below.
I was hoping that I could also get VMware Tools installed within the CoreOS VM, but I was not able to get SSH working within the Toolbox as stated in the Install Debugging Tools documentation. I may need to tinker around a bit more with CoreOS.
If you are interested in other methods of deploying CoreOS, be sure to check out CoreOS's documentation.
- http://www.vreference.com/2014/06/09/deploy-coreos-into-your-esxi-lab/ - This was a great primer on CoreOS by Forbes Guthrie that I really enjoyed reading, highly recommend
- http://gosddc.com/articles/dock-your-container-on-vmware-with-vagrant-and-docker/ - If you use Vagrant and would like to play with Docker, be sure to check out Fabio Rapposelli Vagrant vCloud Provider