I recently wrote an article on the process of cloning vMA which provides a way of backing up vMA. Due to the ease of deploying vMA as a virtual appliance (using OVF), there aren't too many reasons you would need to backup this virtual machine. If you lost the system for whatever reason, you can easily re-deploy with just a few clicks.
However, having said that, if you extensively make use of vi-fastpass fpauth and manage a lot of targets whether they are ESX(i) or vCenter hosts, you need to understand it is not simply just re-deploying another vMA host. When you add a target to vMA's vi-fastpass, two accounts are provisioned on the host "vi-adminXX" and "vi-userXX", these accounts are associated with an encrypted cipher located on vMA which allows for "fastpass" access to the host without having to re-type the password to the host each time. If you were to re-deploy a new vMA host and add the targets again, your host will not only contain the old entries but now a new set of accounts for your new vMA host. This can be an issue as you start to have stale accounts on your ESX(i) or vCenter host.
To prevent this issue, you can actually backup both vMA's configurations which is primarily stored in a sqlite database and the vi-fastpass credential store. In the following example, I have two ESXi hosts being managed by my primary vMA and I also have a standby vMA DR host in which I will backup the files to.
First, you want to make sure you do not have any active vifptarget sessions, this is not a requirement but it can ensure you do not copy over any vMA "session cache" files to your DR site. You can check by doing a long listing in /home/vi-admin/.vmware and looking for the directory vmasessioncache which will contain any active cached sessions if you recently initialized a fastpass target.
Note: Again this is not really necessary and you can exclude the vmasessioncache directory as part of your backup
You will first need to "dump" the existing vMA database into a file and provide a name of your choice, you will need to run the following command:
sqlite3 /var/opt/vmware/vMA/vMA.db .dump > vMA.db.backup
Next, you will need to "scp" the following files to your vMA DR:
- vi-fastpass encrypted credential store file
- vMA's configuration dealing with vi-fastpass targets + vi-logger
- vMA's default logging configs + paths
You now should login to your vMA DR host and you should see only two files in the home directory of the vi-admin user: vMA.conf and vMA.db.backup (.vmware directory is a hidden directory in /home/vi-admin)
From here, you will restore vMA.conf and you will need to run the following command:
sudo mv vMA.conf /etc/vmware/vMA/vMA.conf
Next, you will restore vMA.db and you will need to run the following command:
sudo sqlite3 /var/opt/vmware/vMA/vMA.db < vMA.db.backup
At this point, we can verify the database contents by just running the ".dump" command:
sqlite3 /var/opt/vmware/vMA/vMA.db .dump
Now, we're not done yet, we need to run one additional tool that will perform some VMware "black magic" which will allow this new vMA to access all your ESX(i) and/or vCenter targets just as you had it before on your primary vMA.
You will need to create a file that provides some dynamic shared libraries for the tool we are going to execute. Create a file under /etc/ld.so.conf.d/vmware-vma using "sudo" and paste the following two lines:
Now you will need to run the following to read in the configuration:
sudo ldconfig -f /etc/ld.so.conf.d/vmware-vma
Now you are ready to run the "migratecredstore" utility which is located under /opt/vmware/vma/bin which will perform the "black magic" and make sure you use sudo.
Once you see the successful message on completing the migration of your credential store, you have now fully restored your original vMA configuration. Here we perform a list of the active servers that was once accessible on primary vMA and initializing a target and verifying that it does in fact work.
One thing to note, if you still have access to your primary vMA, both your vMA's are now in an active/active state, with caveat that your primary vMA is the only one allowed to make any changes. What I mean by this, is when you initially add a host to vMA's fastpass, it not only creates two accounts, but it also associates it's system's UUID as part of the unique identifier which is stored on the host with the key VMAID
This means that if you deleted the target off your vMA DR host, it does not actually remove this entry on your ESX(i) and/or vCenter host. Only the primary vMA which has the matching UUID is able to remove the entry all together when you perform a "vifp removeserver" operation.You can see the system UUID by using the dmidecode utility.
We can also see this within the vMA database, when viewing this on the vMA DR host, you will actually see both entries of the primary and the DR vMA UUIDs because we restored the database with the original vMA's config.
If you need your vMA DR host to be able to modify entries or rotate passwords, you will need to shutdown vMA and update it's bios.uuid within the .vmx entry. You must use the "original" vMA's UUID which you should see from the database by running the following command:
sqlite3 /var/opt/vmware/vMA/vMA.db "select * from management_info;"
You will also need to delete the "new" UUID to ensure that only one exists which should be the "original" UUID, you can so by running the following command substituting your UUID:
sudo sqlite3 /var/opt/vmware/vMA/vMA.db "delete from management_info where myUUID='422E4042-63EE-86D1-D22A-79B6ABCA8D68';"
At this point, your vMA DR is now your primary and your old vMA is no longer needed.
can this approach be used to migrate settings from a vMA 4 to vMA 5 appliance?